Subsidy Schemes under MNRE

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India, has introduced various subsidy schemes to promote the adoption and deployment of renewable energy sources across the country. These schemes aim to incentivize the installation of renewable energy systems, making them more affordable and accessible to individuals, businesses, and communities. Here are some of the key subsidy schemes under MNRE:

Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Scheme:

Rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV) schemes are government initiatives that promote the installation of solar panels on the rooftops of residential and commercial buildings. These schemes offer financial incentives, such as subsidies and net metering, to make solar power more affordable and attractive to consumers.

Subsidy Schemes under MNRE
Source –

Benefits of Rooftop Solar PV Schemes

  • Reduced Electricity Bills: Solar panels generate clean electricity that can be used to power your home or business, reducing your reliance on the grid and lowering your electricity bills.
  • Increased Property Value: Studies have shown that homes with solar panels can sell for more money than comparable homes without solar panels.
  • Environmental Benefits: Solar energy is a clean and renewable resource that does not produce greenhouse gases or other pollutants.
  • Energy Independence: By generating your own electricity, you can become less reliant on the traditional power grid and price fluctuations.

Types of Rooftop Solar PV Schemes

There are a variety of rooftop solar PV schemes available around the world, but some of the most common types include:

  • Subsidies: Governments may offer subsidies to cover a portion of the upfront cost of installing solar panels.
  • Net Metering: Net metering allows you to sell excess electricity generated by your solar panels back to the grid at a retail rate. This can help to offset the cost of purchasing electricity from the grid when your solar panels are not producing enough power.
  • Loans: Some governments or banks may offer low-interest loans to help finance the installation of solar panels.
  • Tax Credits: Some governments offer tax credits for the installation of solar panels.

How to Participate in a Rooftop Solar PV Scheme

The specific steps involved in participating in a rooftop solar PV scheme will vary depending on the program you are interested in. However, some general steps include:

  1. Research the programs available in your area. There are a variety of rooftop solar PV schemes available, so it is important to research the programs that are available in your area to see which one is the best fit for you.
  2. Get a quote from a qualified solar installer. Once you have chosen a program, you will need to get a quote from a qualified solar installer. The installer will assess your roof and your electricity needs to determine the size and type of solar panel system that is right for you.
  3. Apply for the program. Once you have a quote from a solar installer, you will need to apply for the rooftop solar PV scheme that you are interested in.
  4. Install the solar panels. Once your application has been approved, the solar installer will install the solar panels on your roof.
  5. Start saving money! Once your solar panels are installed, you can start saving money on your electricity bills.

Here are some resources that can help you learn more about rooftop solar PV schemes:

Also Read – Solar electricity selling rate in India

Off-Grid Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Scheme:

In contrast to rooftop solar PV schemes designed for grid-connected systems, off-grid solar PV schemes cater to locations without access to a reliable electricity grid or where grid connection is expensive. These schemes focus on making standalone solar power systems more affordable and accessible for remote areas or those seeking complete energy independence.

Source – ResearchGate

Benefits of Off-Grid Solar PV Schemes:

  • Energy Independence: Off-grid systems allow you to generate your own electricity, freeing you from dependence on the grid and its associated costs and limitations.
  • Increased Reliability: In areas with frequent power outages, off-grid solar provides a reliable source of electricity, especially when coupled with battery storage.
  • Environmental Sustainability: Solar energy is a clean and renewable resource, reducing your reliance on fossil fuels and minimizing your environmental footprint.
  • Potential Cost Savings: Over time, the cost savings from generating your own electricity can outweigh the initial investment in the solar system, especially in remote areas with high grid connection costs.

Components of an Off-Grid Solar PV Scheme:

  • Solar Panels: These convert sunlight into electricity. The size and number of panels depend on your energy needs.
  • Charge Controller: This regulates the flow of electricity from the solar panels to the battery bank, preventing overcharging.
  • Battery Bank: This stores excess electricity generated during the day for use at night or during cloudy periods. Battery capacity is crucial for off-grid systems.
  • Inverter: This converts the stored DC (direct current) electricity from the battery bank into AC (alternating current) electricity that can be used to power appliances and devices.

Government Support for Off-Grid Solar PV Schemes:

  • Some governments offer subsidies or financial incentives to encourage the adoption of off-grid solar systems in remote areas.
  • Programs might focus on community electrification or provide support for specific populations without access to the grid.
  • You can find information about relevant schemes in your region by contacting government renewable energy departments or clean energy NGOs.

Things to Consider Before Implementing an Off-Grid Solar PV Scheme:

  • Energy Needs Assessment: Carefully evaluate your daily and seasonal electricity consumption to determine the required system size.
  • Initial Investment: Off-grid systems have a higher initial cost compared to grid-tied systems due to the battery bank requirement.
  • System Maintenance: Regular maintenance of solar panels, batteries, and other components is crucial for optimal performance.
  • Professional Installation: While DIY options exist, consider consulting with a qualified solar installer to ensure a properly designed and installed system.

Resources for Off-Grid Solar PV Schemes:

  • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA): – Provides resources and reports on off-grid renewable energy solutions.
  • HOMER (Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewables): – Free and open-source software for designing and optimizing off-grid and hybrid renewable energy systems.
  • Off-Grid World: – Online magazine with information and resources for off-grid living and renewable energy solutions.

By understanding the benefits, components, and considerations involved, you can determine if an off-grid solar PV scheme is a suitable solution for your needs. With proper planning and potential government support, off-grid solar can provide a reliable and sustainable source of electricity in locations far from the grid.

Solar Water Heating Systems Scheme:

Solar water heating systems use sunlight to warm water for your home or business. These systems can significantly reduce your reliance on conventional water heating methods, which can save you money on your energy bills and help the environment.

Source – Shutterstock

There are two main types of solar water heating systems:

  • Drainback systems: In these systems, the water travels through the collectors in a closed loop. When heat is no longer needed, the water drains back to a storage tank to prevent freezing. Drainback systems are a good choice for colder climates.
  • Closed-loop systems: In these systems, a heat transfer fluid circulates through the collectors and transfers heat to a separate water storage tank. Antifreeze is typically added to the heat transfer fluid to prevent freezing. Closed-loop systems are a good choice for moderate climates.

Benefits of Solar Water Heating Systems Schemes

  • Reduced energy bills: Solar water heating systems can significantly reduce the amount of energy you use to heat water, which can save you money on your utility bills.
  • Environmental benefits: Solar energy is a clean and renewable resource that does not produce greenhouse gases or other pollutants.
  • Government incentives: Many governments offer subsidies or tax credits to help offset the cost of installing a solar water heating system.
  • Long lifespan: Solar water heating systems can last for 20 years or more with proper maintenance.

How Solar Water Heating Systems Schemes Work

Solar water heating systems typically consist of the following components:

  • Solar collectors: These are mounted on your roof and absorb sunlight to heat a transfer fluid.
  • Storage tank: This insulated tank stores the hot water for later use.
  • Circulating pump: This pump circulates the transfer fluid between the collectors and the storage tank.
  • Controller: This device controls the operation of the system, such as turning on the pump when the collectors are hot enough.

Here are some resources that can help you learn more about solar water heating systems schemes:

By installing a solar water heating system, you can save money on your energy bills, help the environment, and take advantage of government incentives. Solar water heating is a mature and reliable technology that can be a wise investment for homeowners and businesses alike.

Biogas Power Generation and Thermal Applications Scheme:

The Biogas Power Generation and Thermal Applications Scheme (BPGA) was a program launched by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) in India to promote the installation of biogas plants for generating electricity and providing thermal energy. While the scheme itself is no longer accepting new applications as of March 31, 2021, it’s still valuable to understand its goals and the ongoing Biogas Programme.

Source – MDPI

Objectives of the Biogas Power Generation and Thermal Applications Scheme

  • Promote Decentralized Power Generation: The BPGA aimed to encourage the use of biogas for generating electricity, particularly in rural areas where access to the main grid might be limited. This decentralized approach provides a reliable source of power for local communities.
  • Reduce Reliance on Fossil Fuels: Biogas is a renewable source of energy produced from organic waste. By promoting biogas use, the scheme aimed to decrease dependence on conventional fossil fuels and their associated environmental impact.
  • Improved Waste Management: Biogas plants effectively manage organic waste materials like agricultural residue and livestock dung. This not only reduces waste but also converts it into a valuable resource.
  • Additional Benefits: The BPGA also aimed to create rural employment opportunities through biogas plant installation and maintenance and improve sanitation through better waste management practices.

Components of the Biogas Power Generation and Thermal Applications Scheme

  • Financial Assistance: The scheme provided central financial assistance (CFA) to incentivize the installation of biogas plants. The amount of CFA varied depending on the size of the plant and the beneficiary category (individual, SC/ST, Gaushala etc.).
  • Plant Capacity: The BPGA supported the installation of biogas plants with capacities ranging from 3 cubic meters to 2500 cubic meters per day. This allowed for catering to individual household needs up to larger scale applications like community biogas plants.
  • Power Generation and Thermal Applications: The scheme focused on plants that could not only generate electricity but also provide thermal energy for various purposes like cooking, heating, and industrial processes.

Current Status of Biogas Promotion in India

The Biogas Programme under MNRE continues to be operational, though the BPGA scheme with specific financial incentives for power generation and thermal applications is no longer accepting new applications. The program offers central financial assistance for setting up biogas plants for clean cooking fuel, organic manure generation, and limited power generation.

Resources for Biogas Information in India

While the BPGA scheme has concluded for new applications, understanding its goals and the ongoing Biogas Programme can help you explore biogas plant installation for clean energy generation, waste management, and potential financial aid in India.

Wind Energy Scheme:

Wind energy schemes are government or industry initiatives that promote the use of wind turbines to generate electricity. These schemes can take a variety of forms, including:

Source – ReasearchGate
  • Financial incentives: Subsidies, tax credits, and feed-in tariffs can make wind energy more affordable for developers and consumers.
  • Regulatory measures: Policies such as renewable portfolio standards can mandate that a certain percentage of electricity come from renewable sources, such as wind.
  • Planning and permitting reforms: Streamlining the process for approving wind projects can help to reduce costs and delays.
  • Research and development funding: Government support for research into new wind turbine technologies can help to drive down costs and improve efficiency.

Benefits of Wind Energy Schemes

  • Reduced greenhouse gas emissions: Wind energy is a clean and renewable source of energy that does not produce greenhouse gases or other air pollutants.
  • Job creation: Wind energy projects can create jobs in manufacturing, construction, operation, and maintenance.
  • Energy security: Wind energy can help to reduce reliance on imported fossil fuels.
  • Economic development: Wind energy projects can bring investment and revenue to rural communities.

Challenges of Wind Energy Schemes

  • Upfront costs: Wind turbines can be expensive to install.
  • Land use: Wind turbines require a significant amount of land.
  • Visual impact: Some people find wind turbines to be visually obtrusive.
  • Impact on wildlife: Wind turbines can kill birds and bats.

Examples of Wind Energy Schemes Around the World

  • The United States has a Production Tax Credit (PTC) that provides a tax credit for wind energy producers.
  • The European Union has a Renewable Energy Directive that mandates that member states source a certain percentage of their electricity from renewable sources.
  • China has invested heavily in wind energy in recent years and is now the world’s leading producer of wind power.

The Future of Wind Energy

Wind energy is a rapidly growing source of electricity around the world. As the technology continues to improve and costs continue to decline, wind energy is expected to play an increasingly important role in the global energy mix.

Small Hydro Power (SHP) Scheme:

Small hydropower (SHP) schemes are government or industry initiatives that promote the development of hydroelectric power plants on a smaller scale. These projects typically generate electricity for local communities or contribute to a regional power grid.

Source – ResearchGate

Benefits of Small Hydro Power Schemes

  • Renewable Energy Source: SHP utilizes the power of moving water to generate electricity, making it a clean and sustainable alternative to fossil fuels.
  • Reduced Reliance on Grid: Small hydro projects can provide electricity to remote or off-grid communities, reducing dependence on the main grid and associated transmission losses.
  • Environmentally Friendly: Compared to large dams, SHP plants cause minimal environmental impact as they use run-of-the-river systems with minimal water storage requirements.
  • Economic Development: SHP projects can create jobs in construction, operation, and maintenance, stimulating local economies in these areas.

Components of a Typical Small Hydro Power Scheme

  • Diversion Weir: A low dam or wall that diverts a portion of the river water into a channel.
  • Intake Canal: A canal that conveys the diverted water to the turbine.
  • Penstock: A large pipe that carries the water under pressure to the turbine.
  • Turbine: A rotating machine that converts the energy of moving water into mechanical energy.
  • Generator: A machine that converts the mechanical energy from the turbine into electricity.
  • Transmission Lines: Electrical wires that carry the generated electricity to the point of use.

Government Support for Small Hydro Power Schemes

Many countries offer various incentives to promote small hydro development, including:

  • Feed-in Tariffs: Guaranteed fixed prices for electricity produced from SHP plants, making them more financially attractive.
  • Subsidies: Financial aid to cover a portion of the upfront costs of installing and constructing SHP projects.
  • Loan Programs: Low-interest loan options from government institutions to facilitate SHP development for eligible projects.
  • Streamlined Permitting: Expedited permitting processes to reduce bureaucratic hurdles and delays in SHP project implementation.

Examples of Small Hydro Power Schemes Around the World

  • China: The world leader in small hydropower generation capacity, with numerous run-of-the-river projects in mountainous regions.
  • India: 積極推動 (jīgé tuīdòng) meaning actively promoting, small hydropower development to electrify rural communities and reduce reliance on fossil fuels.
  • Europe: Several European countries like Austria and France have well-established SHP programs with a focus on environmental sustainability.

The Future of Small HydroPower

Small hydropower is expected to continue playing a significant role in the global renewable energy mix. Advancements in technology, such as more efficient turbines and cost reductions, are making SHP projects even more attractive. Additionally, the growing focus on decentralized power generation and environmental concerns is likely to drive further development of small hydro schemes.

Also Read – PM Surya Ghar Yojana Kya Hai?

Biomass Gasifier Systems Scheme:

Biomass gasifier systems schemes are government initiatives or industry programs that promote the adoption of biomass gasification technology. These schemes aim to encourage the conversion of organic waste materials like agricultural residue, forestry leftovers, or even dedicated energy crops into a combustible gas called producer gas.

Source – ReasearchGate

Benefits of Biomass Gasifier Systems Schemes:

  • Waste Management and Renewable Energy: Biomass gasification offers a solution for managing organic waste while simultaneously generating a clean-burning fuel source. This reduces dependence on fossil fuels and promotes waste-to-energy solutions.
  • Decentralized Power Generation: Biomass gasifier systems can be designed for various scales, enabling electricity generation for rural communities or industrial applications not connected to the main grid.
  • Economic Benefits: Schemes can incentivize the establishment of biomass processing facilities, creating new job opportunities and potentially boosting the agricultural sector through dedicated energy crop cultivation.
  • Reduced Emissions: Compared to directly burning biomass, gasification offers a cleaner burning process with lower emissions of harmful pollutants.

Types of Biomass Gasifier Systems Schemes:

  • Subsidies: Financial aid to offset the initial cost of purchasing and installing biomass gasification systems, making them more accessible to potential users.
  • Feed-in Tariffs: Guaranteed prices for electricity generated from biomass gasifiers, providing an economic incentive for producers to invest in the technology.
  • Loan Programs: Availability of low-interest loan options from government or financial institutions to ease the financial burden of adopting biomass gasification systems.
  • Research and Development Funding: Government support for research into improving biomass gasification technologies to enhance efficiency and reduce emissions.

Challenges of Biomass Gasifier Systems Schemes:

  • Feedstock Availability: Schemes need to ensure a sustainable and reliable source of biomass feedstock to support the widespread adoption of gasifier systems.
  • Technology Advancement: While advancements are ongoing, gasification technology might require further improvement to optimize efficiency and cost-effectiveness.
  • Emissions Control: Proper emission control systems are crucial to minimize potential air pollution from the gasification process.

Examples of Biomass Gasifier Systems Schemes Around the World:

  • China: Has implemented various schemes to promote biomass gasification for industrial applications and rural electrification.
  • India: The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has launched programs to encourage biomass gasification for power generation and thermal applications.
  • European Union: Supports research and development in advanced biomass gasification technologies through various initiatives.

The Future of Biomass Gasifier Systems Schemes:

Biomass gasification holds promise as a sustainable waste management and renewable energy solution. With ongoing advancements in technology, improved efficiency, and continued government support through schemes and incentives, biomass gasifier systems have the potential to play a significant role in the global energy landscape.

These subsidy schemes are implemented by MNRE in collaboration with various state agencies, nodal agencies, and financial institutions. The eligibility criteria, subsidy amounts, and application processes may vary across schemes and states. Interested individuals, businesses, or organizations can visit the MNRE website or contact their respective state nodal agencies for more detailed information and guidance on availing of these subsidies.

It’s important to note that the subsidy schemes are subject to periodic revisions and updates by MNRE based on policy changes, budgetary allocations, and the overall progress of the renewable energy sector in India.

1 kilowatt Solar Panel Price: 1 kw सोलर सिस्टम लगाने में कितना खर्चा आएगा? दिल्ली के लोगो को सोलर उत्पादन के लिए पैसा दिया जाएगा Solar Panal Lagvain Bilkul free Where is Tesla in space? This 340 million Tesla Megapack Kapolei Energy Storage System