Why Battery Capacity Matters for Purchasing EVs in India

Electric vehicles (EVs) are gaining popularity in India, driven by rising fuel prices, lowering EV costs, and growing environmental awareness. As buyers explore EV options for cars and scooters, one of the most important specifications they consider is battery capacity, measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh).

He determines the vehicle’s range on a single charge. Here’s a detailed look at why battery capacity merits close attention for Indian EV purchases.

EV Battery Capacity Directly Relates to the Range 

The kWh battery capacity indicates how much electric energy the EV can store on board. The higher the kWh, the farther the EV can travel before needing a recharge. Think of it like the size of a fuel tank – a larger tank means fewer fill-ups required. For EVs, more kWh = more range.

While manufacturers provide official range ratings, the real-world range depends on driving style and conditions. Still, the kWh capacity forms a reasonable basis for estimating the expected range. Here are typical kWh capacities and approximate ranges:


  • Low capacity batteries: ~2 kWh, 50-80 km range
  • Medium capacity batteries: ~3 kWh, 80-120 km range  
  • High capacity batteries: ~4+ kWh, 100-150 km range


  • Small capacity batteries: Up to 50 kWh, 200-300 km range
  • Medium capacity batteries: 50-100 kWh, 300-400 km range
  • Large capacity batteries: 100+ kWh, 400+ km range

Key Factors that Determine EV Range Requirements

Battery Capacity
Image Credit: eInfochips

As an EV buyer, carefully consider your regular driving habits and needs to decide what battery capacity and range would suit you best:

Daily Commuting Distance

How far is your regular daily round-trip commute or usage of the EV? Pick a battery capacity that easily covers your daily driving needs without regular recharges.

Access to Charging Facilities 

Home charging: Can you easily charge the EV overnight at home? Workplace charging: Can you recharge during the day at your office? Public charging stations: Are there stations conveniently located en route? The more recharge options you can access, the less critical the extra range is.

Frequency of Long Trips

If you take intra or inter-city long-distance trips frequently, opt for an EV with a 200+ km range. This gives enough buffer without range anxiety.

Budget Constraints

Higher kWh battery packs increase EV prices. Balance your range needs with your budget to find the optimal fit.

Cargo or Rider Capacity 

Will you haul heavy loads of cargo or extra riders often? These impacts range. Prioritize more range if needed for loaded vehicle conditions.

Battery Capacity Specs of Popular EVs in India

Battery Capacity
Image Credit: Laserax

Here is a look at the battery sizes and range capabilities of some of India’s top-selling EV models in 2023:


ModelBattery kWhApprox. Range
Ola S1 Air2.5 kWh100 km
Ather 450X2.9 kWh105 km
TVS iQube2.25 kWh75 km
Bajaj Chetak3 kWh95 km
Okinawa Okhi-901.51 kWh80 km


ModelBattery kWhApprox. Range
Tata Nexon EV30 kWh300 km
MG ZS EV44 kWh400 km
Hyundai Kona39 kWh400 km
Tata Tigor EV26 kWh306 km
Nexon EV Max40 kWh400 km

Key Considerations for Battery Capacity

  • Keep the following factors in mind when evaluating EV battery capacities in India:
  • Real-world conditions reduce the range by 15-30% from official ratings.
  • Reserve 20-30% battery capacity to avoid deep discharges that degrade batteries.
  • Multiple short drives on a day drain more than a single long drive.
  • Cooling/heating, traffic jams, hills, etc., impact range.
  • Range reduces gradually as the battery ages over years of use.
  • Higher-capacity luxury EVs are costlier. Find the sweet spot for needs vs. budget.
  • Add a safety buffer over your regular usage to avoid being stranded.

Read This Also: EV Battery Replacement Costs in India – Out-of-Warranty Analysis

Government Incentives in India for EVs 

The Indian government is aiming to reach 30% EV penetration by 2030. To accelerate adoption, the FAME-II scheme offers incentives like:

  • Subsidies of ₹15,000 on low-speed electric two-wheelers
  • Subsidies of ₹5,000 per kWh of battery capacity on electric cars, capped at ₹1.5 lakhs 
  • Tax exemptions – no GST or road tax on EVs
  • Lower interest rates on EV loans from banks
  • The savings from incentives make EVs more affordable. High-capacity luxury models get large subsidies.

Developments Driving Adoption of EVs in India

Several factors are coming together to drive growing consumer interest in EVs in India:

Expanding Charging Infrastructure

Companies like Tata Power, Magenta, ChargeZone, and Ola are setting up public and private EV charging stations, giving confidence in charging access.

Lower Operating Costs

EVs have about 70-80% lower fuel costs than petrol or diesel vehicles. Maintenance costs are also lower without engines.

Rising Petrol/Diesel Prices

Fossil fuel price hikes make EVs more attractive from a total ownership cost perspective.

New EV Models

Upcoming Tata, Mahindra, BYD, and Hyundai launch promises more affordable EV options tailored to Indian buyers.

Environmental Benefits

EVs help tackle urban air pollution. High-capacity EVs displace more fossil-fuel consumption.

Key Takeaways

  • EV battery capacity in kWh directly determines the range on a single charge
  • Carefully evaluate your driving requirements and charging access to select the right battery size 
  • Higher capacity equals more range, but also higher EV prices
  • Several new EV models with bigger batteries are slated to launch in India
  • Government incentives plus lower operating costs improve EV affordability 
  • Developments like charging infrastructure growth to accelerate EV adoption

For Indian buyers, carefully weighing battery capacity versus budget, usage needs, and charging access will lead to picking the optimal EV model. The future looks bright for EVs in India as supporting infrastructure and technologies continue maturing.

Latest EV News in India

Here are some recent news stories related to EVs in India:

Tata Dominates EV Market

Tata sold over 70% of EVs in India in 2023 based on popular models like Nexon EV and Tigor EV. The company plans to invest $2 billion over 5 years into EVs.

FAME II Scheme Extended to 2024 

The Indian government extended its subsidy program FAME II to March 2024. Over 1.8 lakh EVs have benefited from the scheme so far.

Strengthening Charging Infrastructure

Tata Power plans to install 7,000 EV charging stations over 5 years. Other players like Magenta, Fortum, and HPCL are also expanding charging networks. 

Shift to EVs by Delivery Fleets

E-commerce firms like Amazon, Flipkart, and logistics are piloting electric bikes and trucks to cut costs and emissions.

Rising Fuel Prices

Increasing petrol and diesel prices and lower operating costs make EVs more affordable.

The EV revolution has begun in India. Increasing range and charging access will further accelerate adoption. Exciting future ahead!

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